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20 Species of Hummingbirds (With Pictures)

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ruby-throated hummingbird perched

With over 330 types of hummingbirds, there’s no way we can list them all here. Instead, we’ve highlighted the most common, the most impressive, and the rarest hummingbirds out there!

This way, you’ll have a better understanding of the species as a whole, and the next time you spot a hummingbird, you’ll have a better idea of what you’re looking at.

hummingbird divider

The 20 Most Common Species of Hummingbird

1. Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

ruby-throated hummingbird

Image Credit: GregSabin, Pixabay

Scientific Name  Archilochus colubris
Estimated Current Population Over 7 million
Habitat Woodland areas and gardens
Range Eastern United States and Mexico

The ruby-throated hummingbird is the most common type of hummingbird in the world and one of the few species that you’ll find in the eastern United States. Their name comes from the signature red band around their throat, but they also have a green exterior coat and white underside.

If you live in the eastern United States and see a hummingbird flying around, there’s a good chance that it’s a ruby-throated hummingbird!


2. Anna’s Hummingbird

anna's hummingbird

Image Credit: Veronika_Andrews, Pixabay

Scientific Name  Calypte anna
Estimated Current Population 1.5 million
Habitat Gardens, scrub, and woods
Range Western United States and Mexico

Anna’s hummingbirds are a common hummingbird species, although you’ll have to go to the Pacific coast to see one. Males have reddish-pink feathers around their heads, while females maintain the same coloring of green and gray all along their bodies.

This makes it easy to tell them apart. You’ll also never see any orange markings on an Anna’s hummingbird, making them relatively easy to distinguish from other hummingbird species.


3. Rufous Hummingbird

rufuous hummingbird close up

Image Credit: Avia5, Pixabay

Scientific Name  Selasphorus rufus
Estimated Current Population 11 million
Habitat Open yards, parks, and forest tree lines
Range Western United States, Canada, Mexico, and Central America

With a population of about 11 million, Rufous hummingbirds are far from rare. Still, they have one of the most extensive ranges of all hummingbirds, with their range starting deep in western Mexico and Central America and going as far north as Alaska!

It’s the only hummingbird species that you’ll find traveling that far north, and they often have bright orange markings that can help you identify them.


4. Black-Chinned Hummingbird

black chinned hummingbird

Image Credit: Avia5, Pixabay

Scientific Name  Archilochus alexandri
Estimated Current Population 5 million
Habitat Lowland deserts, mountain forests, and certain urban areas
Range Western United States and Mexico

If you live in the western United States, there are plenty of different hummingbird species around, and a common one is the black-chinned hummingbird. They’re one of the few hummingbirds that will occasionally venture into urban settings, so for many city-dwellers, it’s the only hummingbird that they’ve ever seen.

There are about 5 million of these birds out there, though, and you can often find them in lowland deserts and mountain forests.


5. Calliope Hummingbird

calliope hummingbird

Image Credit: Avia5, Pixabay

Scientific Name  Selasphorus calliope
Estimated Current Population 1 million
Habitat Mountain meadows, aspen thickets, open forests, and streams
Range Western United States, Canada, and Mexico

While the calliope hummingbird doesn’t have quite the same extensive range as the rufous hummingbird, they still go far north. They travel well into Canada at times, although you can find them in more southern climates for most of the year.

The calliope hummingbird has distinctive purple stripes along their chin and breast, making them one of the more unique-looking hummingbirds.


6. Costa’s Hummingbird

costa's hummingbird

Image Credit: WikiImages, Pixabay

Scientific Name  Calypte costae
Estimated Current Population 3.6 million
Habitat Lower western United States and Mexico
Range Desert, coastline, and forest

Costa’s hummingbirds live primarily in Mexico, although you can find them in certain southwestern portions of the United States. Female costa hummingbirds have more pronounced colorings, with bright purple feathers around their eyes and chest.

Males don’t have this bright coloring, but they’ll have the signature dull green and gray hue throughout their bodies.


7. Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

Male broad tailed hummingbird

Image Credit: Kent Raney, Shutterstock

Scientific Name  Selasphorus platycercus
Estimated Current Population 3.8 million
Habitat High-elevation meadows, forests, and forest openings
Range Mountain-west United States, Mexico, and Central America

While most hummingbirds stick close to the coastline, that’s not the case with the broad-tailed hummingbird. They prefer higher elevations, which is why you can often find them throughout the mountainous regions in the western United States.

They’re a relatively common hummingbird in these areas. Males have a rose-colored patch below their beaks, while the rest of the bird is green and white on both males and females.


8. Allen’s Hummingbird

allen's hummingbird

Image Credit: ArtTower, Pixabay

Scientific Name  Selasphorus sasin
Estimated Current Population 1.7 million
Habitat Coastal forest
Range Southwestern United States and Mexico

One of the more striking hummingbirds that you’ll find is Allen’s Hummingbird. They have a copper-orange coloring around their head, while the rest of their body contrasts with a green hue.

They live primarily along the coastline on the western side of the United States and Mexico, and their numbers near 2 million.


9. Berylline Hummingbird

Berylline Hummingbird

Image Credit: Keneva Photography, Shutterstock

Scientific Name  Amazilia beryllina
Estimated Current Population 5 million
Habitat Mountain forests and canyons
Range Western Mexico and northern Central America

While the Berylline hummingbird is one of the most common hummingbirds out there, you won’t find any in the United States. The northern-most part of their range stops just south of the United States and Mexico border, and they’re more prevalent even farther south.

They love mountain forests and canyons, and they have bright green coloring around their head that makes them a joy to look at.


10. Green-Breasted Mango Hummingbird

Green-breasted Mango hummingbird

Image Credit: Richard Winston, Shutterstock

Scientific Name  Anthracothorax prevostii
Estimated Current Population Unknown (between 500,000 and 5 million)
Habitat Forest edges and clearings in tropical lowlands
Range Northeastern Mexico and Central America

While you can technically spot a green-breasted mango hummingbird in southern Texas, it’s a rare occurrence, and you’re far more likely to spot them south of the border. Their current population is unknown, but there might be as many as 5 million out there.

They have a green hue throughout, but if you see one in flight, you can catch sight of the bright coloring under their tail feathers.


11. Broad-Billed Hummingbird

Broad-Billed Hummingbird

Image Credit: DV Pro Photo, Shutterstock

Scientific Name  Cynanthus latirostris
Estimated Current Population 2.2 million
Habitat Mountainous canyons
Range Western and southern Mexico

The broad-billed hummingbird is an example of a hummingbird that you might occasionally spot in the United States, but they’re far more prevalent in Mexico.

There are over 2 million of these birds, and they love living in the mountains. The colors of these birds vary quite a bit, but blue and green colorings are common.


12. Buff-Bellied Hummingbird

Buff-bellied Hummingbird

Image Credit: Randy Bjorklund, Shutterstock

Scientific Name  Amazilia yucatanensis
Estimated Current Population 5 million
Habitat Open woodland and gardens
Range Gulf of Mexico coastline, Florida to Mexico

Compared to other hummingbirds, the buff-bellied hummingbird can be found in a completely different part of the world. They live along the Gulf of Mexico, all the way from Florida down to the southernmost provinces in Mexico.

They live along the coastline, but they’ll often frequent gardens and open woodland, making it a bit easier to spot them. They have incredibly long beaks and are usually green and pink in color.


13. Rivoli’s Hummingbird

Rivoli's hummingbird

Image Credit: Milan Zygmunt, Shutterstock

Scientific Name  Eugenes fulgens
Estimated Current Population Unknown (between 500,000 and 5 million)
Habitat Pine-oak forests
Range Southern mountain-west United States, Mexico, and Central America

Rivoli’s hummingbirds have a unique appearance, with purple head feathers and a bright blue-green appearance below their beak. They primarily live in elevated regions in the forest, and you can find them from Central America all the way to the southern mountain-west regions in the United States.


14. Blue-Throated Mountain-Gem

Scientific Name  Lampornis clemenciae
Estimated Current Population 2 million
Habitat Wooded streams in canyons
Range Central Mexico and Central America

Most of the blue-throated mountain-gem hummingbird is a dull grey with occasional flecks of green. But while females consist of entirely these colors, males sport a bright blue gorget below their beak.

This gorget will glimmer in the right sunlight, making them a gorgeous bird to look at. They have long beaks and primarily live near wooded streams in canyons. It’s a  specific niche, but with a over 2 million bird population, they seem to be doing just fine.


15. Lucifer Hummingbird

Lucifer Hummingbird

Image Credit: Rob Palmer Photography, Shutterstock

Scientific Name  Calothorax lucifer
Estimated Current Population Unknown (between 50,000 and 500,000)
Habitat Arid slopes and desert canyons
Range Deep south United States, northern and central Mexico

It might be an ominous-sounding name, but if you’re lucky enough to spot a Lucifer hummingbird, you won’t be disappointed. They live along a thin strip in Central America and Mexico, but occasionally, they’ll venture into the United States.

They live in desert regions, and males sport an extremely bright purple gorget. Females lack this coloring and have a cream-colored appearance instead. The rest of the bird is gray-green on both males and females.


16. Mexican Violetear

Scientific Name  Colibri thalassinus
Estimated Current Population Unknown
Habitat Forest clearings and edges
Range Central Mexico and Central America

While the exact population numbers of the Mexican Violetear are unknown, we do know that you’ll need to travel to central Mexico or Central America to spot one.

They have a bright green coloring and blue patches throughout their bodies.


17. Plain-Capped Starthroat

Scientific Name  Heliomaster constantii
Estimated Current Population Unknown
Habitat Dry forest and lowland areas near streams
Range Western Mexico and Central America

We don’t know how many plain-capped starthroat hummingbirds there are, but you’ll need to head into Mexico or Central America to spot one.

Compared to most other hummingbirds, the plain-capped starthroat doesn’t have a signature appearance that pops. They have long beaks and a green-gray coloring, but they don’t have the same bright hues that you’ll find in other hummingbird species.


18. Bahama Woodstar

Scientific Name  Calliphlox evelynae
Estimated Current Population Unknown
Habitat Gardens, scrubland, lowland, and forest edges
Range Bahama Archipelago islands and Florida

If you’re in southern Florida or the Bahama Archipelago islands and spot a hummingbird, there’s a good chance that they’re the Bahama Woodstar. They love hanging out in gardens, scrubland, and along forest edges, so they’re among the easier hummingbirds to spot.

Males have a bright purple coloring below their beak, while females have a plainer appearance that matches the rest of their bodies.


19. Bumblebee Hummingbird

Scientific Name  Atthis heloisa
Estimated Current Population 250 to 1,000
Habitat Humid mountain forests
Range Mexico and Arizona

The smallest bird in North America is the bumblebee hummingbird, but with a population between 250 and 1,000, they might not hold that title for much longer. They only stand between 2.8 and 3 inches in height, making them truly tiny.

The trouble is finding one. There are not many left, and you’ll need to travel to either Mexico or Arizona. If you’re lucky enough to spot one of these beautiful birds in the wild, you’ll notice a bright purple plumage below the beak of males.


20. Cinnamon Hummingbird

Scientific Name  Amazilia rutila
Estimated Current Population 500,000
Habitat Forests
Range Western Mexico and Costa Rica

The cinnamon hummingbird is not nearly as endangered as some other birds on this list. They live exclusively on the coastline of Mexico. They’re primarily on the western side of the country, but down toward Central America, they inhabit both coasts.

They have bronze plumage that is more striking than it sounds, making them a rare joy to spot.

Related Read: 10 Best Hummingbird Feeders: Reviews & Top Picks

Conclusion

Hummingbirds are among nature’s most precious creations. These tiny birds flutter at incredible speeds and have migration ranges that are simply astounding considering their size. There are hundreds of species out there, and you can go your whole life without seeing them all!

Hopefully, now you have a better understanding of these birds, and who knows, maybe the next time that you spot a hummingbird, you’ll know exactly what you’re looking at!

 

Featured Image Credit: Veronika_Andrews, Pixabay

About the Author Robert Sparks

Robert’s obsession with all things optical started early in life, when his optician father would bring home prototypes for Robert to play with. Nowadays, Robert is dedicated to helping others find the right optics for their needs. His hobbies include astronomy, astrophysics, and model building. Originally from Newark, NJ, he resides in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where the nighttime skies are filled with glittering stars.

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