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22 Common Backyard Birds in Mississippi (with Pictures)

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group of birds perching

Mississippi is home to over 400 types of birds, with the most commonly seen bird being the Northern Cardinal. So, whether you’re a habitual birdwatcher or enjoy the occasional backyard sighting, you’d want to know about the most common backyard birds you’re likely to see in Mississippi.

Fortunately, Mississippi birds love visiting the residents’ backyards. So, if you’re wondering what kinds of birds you might encounter while living in Mississippi, here’s a list of the most common backyard birds in the state, along with some pictures to help you identify them.

The 22 Common Backyard Birds in Mississippi

Here are the top 22 Mississippi bird species you can find in your backyard. We’ve added their names, pictures, and distinguishing features to help you identify them.

1. Common Yellowthroat

Common Yellowthroat

Image Credit: Canadian Nature Visions, Pixabay

Scientific Name Geothlypis trichas
Length 4.3–5.1 inches
Wingspan 5.9–7.5 inches

The Common Yellowthroat is a small warbler. Adult males have olive-green upper parts, a yellow throat, and breasts with a black mask across the eyes.

Females look similar to males but lack a black mask. Their breeding habitat is in marshes with thick vegetation in North America, east of the Rockies.

You’re likely to find these Mississippi songbirds in tree branches. They also come to the ground looking for food. Their preferred food includes berries, nuts, green fruits, and seeds. They also feed on small insects, such as beetles, spiders, and caterpillars.


2. Northern Cardinal

male northern cardinal perching

Image Credit: FotoRequest, Shutterstock

Scientific Name Cardinalis cardinalis
Length 8.3–9.1 inches
Wingspan 9.8–12.2 inches

The Northern Cardinal is a North American bird in the genus Cardinalis. It is also known colloquially as the redbird or Common Cardinal.

It can be found in Southern Canada, through the Eastern United States from Maine to Texas, and throughout Mexico. It is found in woodlands, gardens, shrublands, and swamps.

Male cardinals have a brilliant red color with a black face and a reddish bill. Females have a pale brown color with a reddish tinge in their crest, tail, and wings.

You’ll find northern cardinals in shrubs and trees. They’re also found on the ground, where they roam in pairs. Besides backyards, you can also find these birds in parks, shrubby forest edges, and woodlots. They make their nests in vines and dense shrub tangles.


3. Tufted Titmouse

a tufted titmouse bird on a tree trunk

Image Credit: JackBulmer, Pixabay

Scientific Name Baeolophus bicolor
Length 5.5–6.3 inches
Wingspan 7.9–10.2 inches

The tufted titmouse is a small songbird with gray upper parts and pale underparts. The head has a black cap and crest, white eyebrows, and dark eyes.

The bird is found in woodlands in Eastern North America, making cup-shaped nests in trees. It feeds on insects, seeds, and berries.

The Tufted Titmouse is a nonmigratory bird that ranges from Southern Canada to Northern Florida. It is a year-round resident in most of its range. The bird’s habitat includes woodlands, forests, and suburban gardens.


4. Blue Jay

blue jay bird perching on a branch of tree

Image Credit: Scottslm, Pixabay

Scientific Name Cyanocitta cristata
Length 9.8–11.8 inches
Wingspan 13.4–16.9 inches

Blue Jays are relatively common birds in North America. They are known for their beautiful blue plumage and loud calls. They usually fly across open areas during migration season.

You’ll find Blue Jays on the edges of forests. They love to feed on acorns and are commonly found near woodlots, cities, parks, and forests.


5. Northern Mockingbird

northern mockingbird

Image Credit: Steve Byland, Shutterstock

Scientific Name Mimus polyglottos
Length 8.3–10.2 inches
Wingspan 12.2–13.8 inches

Northern Mockingbirds have gray-brown upperparts and a gray breast. The belly and under tail coverts are white. There are two color forms of the Northern Mockingbird: gray-brown and rufous. The rufous form is more common in the southern part of the range. Meanwhile, juveniles have heavily-streaked upper parts.

You’d see these mockingbirds on fences, high vegetation, and telephone wires. But, besides backyards, they also like to appear in parks, open lands, towns, suburbs, and forest edges.


6. Mourning Dove

a mourning dove bird on a birdhouse

Image Credit: GeorgiaLens, Pixabay

Scientific Name Zenaida macroura
Length 9.1-–3.4 inches
Wingspan 17.7 inches

The mourning doves are one of the most commonly seen brown birds in Mississippi. They have black spots on the wings and a long, pointed tail. Mourning Doves are named for their soft, cooing call, which sounds like they are mourning.

They mainly eat seeds and fruits and live in open areas with nearby trees. You can find them in your backyard, perched on telephone wires, or on bare ground.


7. Carolina Chickadee

Carolina Chickadee Perched on a Tree

Image Credit: Ami Parikh, Shutterstock

Scientific Name Poecile carolinensis
Length 3.9–4.7 inches
Wingspan 5.9–7.9 inches

The Carolina Chickadee is a small songbird that is a member of the tit family. This bird is found in the Eastern United States from Maine to Georgia and west to Missouri and Arkansas.

The bird has a black cap and bib with a white face and throat. The upper parts are grayish-brown, and the underparts are pale gray.

Chickadees are commonly found on large trees and in suburban yards. They are typically very acrobatic and can hang upside down from branches. These birds eat small insects, spiders, and seeds.


8. Eastern Bluebird

male eastern bluebird perching

Image Credit: Steve Byland, Shutterstock

Scientific Name Sialia sialis
Length 6.3–8.3 inches
Wingspan 9.8–12.6 inches

The Eastern Bluebirds have vivid colors that make them easy to spot. The male has a blue back, wings, tail, and a rusty-red throat and breast. However, if you look at them from a distance, they appear gray-brown.

Females have grayish upper parts and blue wings. The breast has an orange-brown color. Both sexes have white bellies and dark eyes.

Bluebirds are commonly seen on posts, wires, and low-hanging branches, where they scour for their prey. They feed on insects and berries.

Since they prefer being closed to trees with nest holes, they are now a common sight on golf courses and field edges where nest boxes are abundantly present. You can easily spot them by their rounded head, alert posture, and plump body.


9. Carolina Wren

carolina wren eating worm

Image Credit: GeorgeB2, Pixabay

Scientific Name Thryothorus ludovicianus
Length 4.7–5.5 inches
Wingspan 11.4 inches

The Carolina Wren is a chunky bird with a short tail that is often cocked. It has a rusty brown back, wings, and tail, while the underparts are white with heavy rust-brown streaks on the sides.

The head is buff gray with a dark cap and a white supercilium. There is a small black bill, and the legs are pinkish brown. These birds like to explore garages, yards, and woodpiles.

You might even find a Carolina Wren nest in your backyard. Since they are Mississippi songbirds, Wrens constantly sing to defend their area. They have a knack for chasing intruders off with this aggressive scolding and singing.


10. Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher

blue gray gnatcatcher

Image Credit”: RobDun, Shutterstock

Scientific Name Polioptila caerulea
Length 3.9–4.3 inches
Wingspan 6.3 inches

The Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher is one of the most commonly sighted Mississippi songbirds, known for its beautiful blue-gray plumage. The birds are somewhat similar to Black-Tailed Gnatcatchers. However, they do not have the characteristic black tails like their black-tailed family members.

The upper part of this blue-gray bird is dark blue, while the underside is gray. You’ll find these birds on small trees and bushes close to the water.

Blue-Gray Gnatcatchers eat small insects, such as beetles, flies, and caterpillars. They also eat insect larvae and eggs. Sometimes, they also come to bird feeders to feed. So, if you have one in your backyard, it might attract a Gnatcatcher.


11. Red-Bellied Woodpecker

Red-Bellied Woodpecker

Image Credit: JackBulmer, Pixabay

Scientific Name Melanerpes carolinus
Length 9.4 in
Wingspan 13.0–16.5 in

The Red-Bellied Woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker with a dull gray back, wings, and tail. The head is black with a red cap, nape, and lines down the side of the neck to the breast.

There is heavy white spotting on the face and neck. The belly and sides are pale pink. Females have a smaller red cap than males.

These woodpeckers hitch along trunks and branches of trees. They pick at the surface of the bark rather than drilling. Like most other woodpeckers, the Red-Bellied Woodpeckers also have an undulating flight pattern.


12. Purple Martin

Male Purple Martin

Image Credit: Birdiegal, Shutterstock

Scientific Name Progne subis
Length 7.5–7.9 inches
Wingspan 15.3–16.1 inches

The Purple Martin is a large swallow bird. It has a dark, blue-purple plumage and a forked tail. The bird is one of the largest members of the swallow family in North America.

It breeds in open habitats, typically near water, and feeds on insects. Adult male Purple Martins have brown-black tails and wings. The rest of their body is a dark blue-purple color.

Meanwhile, females have a duller color with a white lower belly and gray chest and head. Purple Martins feed on aerial insects as they have a midair feeding pattern. You might have difficulty spotting them since they fly and feed at higher altitudes.


13. American Crow

american crow perched

Image Credit: JackBulmer, Pixabay

Scientific Name Corvus brachyrhynchos
Length 15.8–20.9 inches
Wingspan 33.5–39.4 inches

The American crow has a black body with black feathers. The bill is also black, as are the legs and feet. There is no sexual dimorphism in plumage, but the male is usually larger than the female. Immature birds have browner plumage than adults.

The American Crow is a member of the genus Corvus, including ravens, jackdaws, and rooks. The species is not as widely distributed as some of its relatives—it is confined to North America.

Since crows are social birds, they form large flocks. So, you might see a flock of American crows in your backyard if they find discarded food there.


14. Eastern Towhee

eastern towheen eating

Image Credit: milesmoody, Pixabay

Scientific Name Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Length 6.8–8.2 inches
Wingspan 7.9–11.0 inches

Eastern Towhees are small, sparrow-like birds. They have a black head and back with a rufous (reddish-brown) breast. The wings are black with white bars, and the tail is long and black.

Female Towhees have a brown throat and heat with rufous sides. Meanwhile, male Towhees have a black head and throat. They also have a white belly and rufous sides. You can spot them by the while corners of their tails.

Towhees are found in woodlands and thickets, usually near the ground. They eat insects and other small animals, spending time in thick bushes and shrubs.


15. Downy Woodpecker

Downy Woodpecker

Image Credit: JackBulmer,Pixabay

Scientific Name Picoides pubescens
Length 5.5–6.7 inches
Wingspan 9.8–11.8 inches

The Downy Woodpecker is a small woodpecker found in North America. It is the most common woodpecker in the United States and is often seen drumming on tree trunks or foraging for insects under the bark.

The downy woodpecker is a member of the genus Picoides, containing small to medium-sized woodpeckers with stout bodies. These birds make a lot of noise as they have a shrill call sound. Their constant drumming amplifies the noise on the trees where they perch.

Downy woodpeckers are common in deciduous trees and weedy edges. Along with backyards, they also make an appearance in vacant lots and city parks.


16. Common Grackle

common grackle bird on the ground

Image Credit: Bernell, Pixabay

Scientific Name Quiscalus quiscula
Length 11.0–13.4 inches
Wingspan 14.2–18.1 inches

The Common Grackle is one of the large-sized Mississippi songbirds with white eyes and a long, stout bill. The male Common Grackle has a greenish-black head, neck, and back. Their underparts are yellow to orange.

The wings are black with iridescent purple and green feathers. The tail is long and pointed. The female Common Grackle is similar to the male but is less glossy than its male counterparts.

The bird’s song is a guttural squeak with a clear, high-pitched whistle. Common Grackles sit on telephone lines and trees, where they keep chattering with their other grackles.

They are common in feedlots, suburban laws, city parks, and agricultural fields. You can also find them in marshes, meadows, and woodlands.


17. American Robin

american robin bird perching

Image Credit: Brian Guest, Shutterstock

Scientific Name Turdus migratorius
Length 7.9–11.0 inches
Wingspan 12.2–15.8 inches

The adult male American Robin has dark gray upperparts and head, bright red breast, and a white belly. The adult female is similar in appearance to the male, but her plumage is more subdued.

Juveniles have browner upperparts and lack the red breast of the adults. American Robins are industrious birds, which means that they are always on the move looking for food. Their diet consists of earthworms, insects, and berries.

American Robins are one of the first birds to sing at dawn, and their song is a familiar sound of spring. They are common year-round residents in much of North America.


18. American Goldfinch

american goldfinch perching on metal bar

Image Credit: milesmoody, Pixabay

Scientific Name Spinus tristis
Length 4.3–5.1 inches
Wingspan 7.5–8.7 inches

American goldfinches have a light yellow body with black wings and tails. In addition, the male goldfinch has a black cap on its head, while the female goldfinch has a light brown cap.

American goldfinches are found in open woodlands, meadows, and fields across North America. These birds eat seeds and insects. American goldfinches are social birds that often draw attention due to their bouncy flight pattern.

Although their natural habitat is floodplains and weedy fields, you’ll also find them on roadsides and backyards. They also come to bird feeders, mainly during the winter season.


19. Brown Thrasher

Brown Thrasher

Image Credit: Bernell, Pixabay

Scientific Name Toxostoma rufum
Length 9.1–11.8 inches
Wingspan 11.4–12.6 inches

Featuring a streaked breast and yellow eyes, Brown Thrashers are some of the most commonly sighted brown birds in Mississippi. They are also one of the state’s largest thrashers, rivaled by the much rarer Long-Billed Thrasher.

Brown Thrashers are found in various habitats, including forests, farmlands, and even backyards, where they can be seen throughout the year.

The Brown Thrasher is noted for its loud, raspy song, which it sings from high perches, such as trees and bushes. The bird will often sing for long periods.

If you’re lucky enough to see a Brown Thrasher up close, you’ll notice that they are interesting birds with many unique behaviors. For example, these birds make a kissing sound, and their song is a combination of other birds’ songs.


20. White-Throated Sparrow

white throated sparrow

Image Credit: Piqsels

Scientific Name Zonotrichia albicollis
Length 6.3–7.1 inches
Wingspan 7.9–9.1 inches

The White-Throated Sparrow is a small songbird of the Northern Hemisphere. It breeds in North America from Alaska and Newfoundland down to Virginia.

The sparrow gets its name from the white throat patch, which is conspicuous when the bird is singing. The upper parts are brown with heavy streaks, while the underparts are pale with light streaks.

There are two color morphs, one with a tan crown and one with a white crown. The two forms—tan-striped and white-striped—were once considered separate species but are now known to interbreed.

The White-Throated Sparrow is a seedeater and will also consume insects when they are available. It forages on the ground in open areas, often turning over leaves with its bill to find food.


21. Summer Tanager

summer tanager perched on a branch

Image Credit: engalapag, Pixabay

Scientific Name Piranga rubra
Length 6.7 inches
Wingspan 11.8 inches

If you’re interested in seeing red birds in Mississippi, the Summer Tanager is a good option. It’s a medium-sized bird with a strong bill and strong legs.

The male Summer Tanager is all red, while the female is yellowish with greenish wings. These birds are found in open woodlands and forests. They eat insects, berries, and fruits.

You can find them near the Gulf Coast during the breeding season. Look for them in March and April and from August to October. In Mississippi, they’re most often seen in the northern part of the state.


22. Indigo Bunting

indigo bunting perched

Image Credit: dalspaugh, Pixabay

Scientific Name Passerina cyanea
Length 4.7–5.1 inches
Wingspan 7.5–8.7 inches

Indigo Bunting is a seed-eating bird in the genus Passerina. The adult male’s dark blue plumage is distinctive among North American songbirds. The female tends to be duller overall, with grayish-brown upper parts and a light gray breast.

Breeding males have a clear and high-pitched song. These birds are found in bushy and weedy areas, particularly in regions where the forests and fields meet.

They like to stay near overgrown patches, bushy roadsides, and hedgerows. You’ll also find them foraging among grasses and shrubs where they tend to search for seeds.

Common Types of Birds Found in Mississippi Backyards

Mississippi has a variety of birds that can be found in backyards throughout the state. The most common backyard birds include sparrows, finches, cardinals, doves, and jays. Each species has different behaviors and preferences that make them well-suited for living near humans.

Mississippi Songbirds

Songbirds are some of the most common backyard birds in Mississippi. These birds are typically small to medium and have thin, pointed beaks that they use to eat insects.

Many songbirds also have brightly colored feathers, which they use to attract mates. The most common songbirds in Mississippi include sparrows, finches, and robins.

Cardinals

cardinal birds perching

Image Credit: Bonnie Taylor Barry, Shutterstock

Cardinals are a type of songbird native to the Eastern United States. They are easily recognizable by their bright red feathers and black beaks.

Males and females look similar, but males have a darker plumage than females. Cardinals are social birds that typically live in pairs or small groups.

Doves

Doves are closely related to pigeons. However, they are typically smaller than pigeons and have thinner bodies.

Doves also have longer tails and legs than pigeons. There are two types of doves common in Mississippi: Mourning Doves and Rock Doves.

Mourning Doves get their name from their mournful, cooing call. They are gray and white with a long, tapered tail.

Rock Doves are also known as feral pigeons. They are typically gray with two black bars on their wings. Rock Doves live in urban areas and are often considered to be pests.

Conclusion

Whether you’re looking for red birds in Mississippi or want to be mesmerized by the calls of songbirds, this guide has covered most birds you’ll find in your backyards. You can now spot these birds and learn about their unique behaviors.

The best way to welcome these birds to your backyards is to have brightly colored bird feeders for each type of bird. It would help if you kept your backyard clean and free from debris, so the birds have a comfortable place to forage.


Featured Image Credit: Bonnie Taylor Barry, Shutterstock

About the Author Robert Sparks

Robert’s obsession with all things optical started early in life, when his optician father would bring home prototypes for Robert to play with. Nowadays, Robert is dedicated to helping others find the right optics for their needs. His hobbies include astronomy, astrophysics, and model building. Originally from Newark, NJ, he resides in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where the nighttime skies are filled with glittering stars.

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