Lenses are usually classified according to their specified function or focal range. To guide you in choosing what type of lens is best for a certain job, we have the description of each type below.
These lenses are what usually comes with your DSLR when you purchased it. They cover a focal range of about 35-70mm but other standard zoom lenses have faster maximum apertures and better optics. A lot of photographers settle with a 50mm prime as their normal lens since they produce a more natural-looking photo. The images produced by this type of lens is between what a wide angle and a telephoto lens can produce. This type of lens also lets you shoot with a shallower depth of field in lower light.
Perfect for: Portrait, landscape, and street photography. They’re your everyday lenses. They’re also ideal for documentaries.
This type of lens usually covers a focal length of around 24mm to 25mm. Wide Angle lenses can either have a fixed or variable maximum aperture. They offer a wide perspective and are used to enlarge perceived distance between the subjects in the foreground and as well as the background. Compared to Ultra-Wide lenses, they have less distortion.
Perfect for: Like the panorama mode in your smartphone, they’re ideal for landscape and photographing the whole subject or a crowd. They can also be used artistically for portraits, provided they aren’t too close to the face of the subject as this may distort the face.
This type of lens has a focal length less than 24mm. Ultra-Wide lenses give a wider field of view than the wide angle lens and have a large depth of field. They give photos that somehow pulls in the close subjects and pushes the distant ones away.
Perfect for: Architecture, landscape, and interior photography.
This type of lens has a focal length of around 40mm to 200mm. Images produced by macro lenses are excellently sharp. They, however, have a small depth of field when your subject is too close.
Perfect for: Close-up photography and portraits
The focal length of superzoom lenses is from wide angle to telephoto lenses. Having this is beneficial because you won’t have to interchange lenses thanks to the focal length that changes as you zoom. However, images produced using this type of lens isn’t as good as other lenses. They also have slower apertures.
Perfect for: Traveling—you don’t have to change lenses over and over when you’re traveling. Plus, you also wouldn’t want to bring four different types of lenses in your backpack.
Having a focal length of more than 70mm, telephoto lenses concentrate on narrower fields of view than other types of lenses. This type boasts of its ability to be good in focusing on faraway subjects. They are, however, heavier and larger.
Perfect for: Sports, wildlife photography, and bird photography. They can be used for portraits and landscapes as well.
These lenses can’t work without a camera, so you better get one now! Learn how a camera works in this article.